I – Smokers (men and women): nicotine addiction, hypertension, atherosclerosis, angina pectoris, myocardial infarction, cerebrovascular accident (CVA) cerebral thrombosis, cerebral haemorrhage, aortic aneurysm, aneurysm of the abdominal aorta, trombangeita obliterans, COPD – Diseases obstructive pulmonary disease, chronic bronchitis, emphysema, cardiac failure, respiratory viral infections, bacterial respiratory infections, tuberculosis, lung cancer, oral cavity, pharynx, larynx, esophagus, stomach, pancreas, liver, kidney, bladder, colon, rectum , penis, skin, myeloid leukemia, lymphoma, retinal macular degeneration, cataracts, diabetes, gastric ulcer, duodenal ulcer, periodontitis, necrotic stomatitis, leukoplakia, bone demineralization, impotence in men, difficult healing of surgical wounds.
II – Women: osteoporosis, bone fractures, myocardial infarction, subarachnoid hemorrhage, infertility, premature wrinkling, early menopause, cervical cancer, ovarian cancer, breast cancer, placenta previa, miscarriage.
III – Impact on the fetus and child: pulmonary architecture defects, stillbirth, underweight fetus, sudden infant death, birth defects, short stature, cleft lip, cleft palate, strabismus, syndactyly.
Effects of Smoking on Society
• Smokers have more health problems than nonsmokers.
• Medical assistance for smokers costs a lot of money.
• Smoking causes poverty, because people who smoke have less money available for their families.
Benefits on the body and quality of life after quitting smoking
Within 20 minutes your blood pressure will drop, the pulse will decrease and the temperature of hands and feet increases.
Within 8 hours the carbon monoxide level in the blood will drop to normal rates and blood oxygen level increases to normal.
Within 24 hours the chances of a heart attack decreases significantly.
Within 48 hours the ability to smell and taste will improve.
Within 2 weeks to 3 months, circulation and respiratory function will improve.
Within 1 to 9 months problems such as cough, sinus congestion and fatigue will diminish.
Within 1 year the risk of coronary heart disease will drop to half compared to the risk of a smoker.
Within 10 years the risk of lung cancer will drop to half compared to a smoker, the risk of mouth/throat/esophagus/kidney cancer will also decrease.
Within 15 years the risk of coronary heart disease will drop to the same level as for the people who never smoked.